Frequent Foot Cramps - Causes and Treatments

Do you wake up in the middle of night with an excruciating pain in your leg or foot?

 

If yes, you might be experiencing a muscle spasm. It usually happens at night time or whenever you are lying flat, as there is a decreased blood flow to your legs and feet. A number of factors can cause a muscle to cramp or go in spasm. 

Some common causes for muscles to cramp or go in spasm: 

  • Dehydration - Make sure you drink at least 1.5-2 litres of water every day

  • Electrolyte Imbalance (pottasium, magnesium, calcium) - Eat lots of fruits and vegetables. Coconut water & bananas are some very easy ways to balance the electrolytes in your body.

  • Inadequate blood flow to the muscle - Staying healthy and active will ensure you proper blood circulation

  • Over-use or over stretching of the muscle - When exercising, progress gradually and follow a proper training regime. Excessive exercising can tire the muscles which can cause spasms. While adequate stretching is necessary, over-stretching may also cause some damage.

How to prevent or treat Foot Cramps:

  • Massage the painful area as this will help with the blood circulation

  • If you are in bed, get out and start walking

  • Icing or applying heat could help

  • Drink a glass of warm milk before going to bed (for the calcium)

  • Do some calf muscle stretches regularly

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Ontario Podiatric Medical Association
Ontario Society of Chiropodists
Canadian Federation of Podiatric Medicine
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