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MediFeet Clinic & Orthotics Centre - 1840 Lakeshore Rd W, Mississauga, ON L5J 1J7, 905-822-3338, Mississauga Podiatrist

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Bunion Causes and Podiatric Treatment

Bunion Treatment by Podiatrist in Mississauga, ON

What is a Bunion

Bunion is a bony enlargement of the joint and the surrounding soft tissue at the base of big toe. As the big toe turns in towards the other toes, people experience pain, redness, and swelling at the big joint. Interestingly, women are 10 times more likely than men to have bunions.


Main Causes of Bunions

  • Family history
  • Arthritic changes
  • Improper gait
  • Improper footwear (high heels and narrow toe box shoes)


Complication of Bunions:

  • Irritation at the big toe joint

  • Calluses

  • Hammer toes

  • Difficulty fitting in shoes


Conservative ways to reduce Bunion symptoms:

  • Padded bunion day or night splint to keep big toe straight

  • Stretching of shoe to accommodate bunion

  • Soaking in warm epsom salt water for pain relief

  • Topical anti-inflammatory cream

  • Prescription Custom made orthotics to correct gait abnormalities

  • Proper footwear- limit use of high heels and wear proper width shoes