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Corns and Calluses

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MediFeet Clinic & Orthotics Centre - 1840 Lakeshore Rd W, Mississauga, ON L5J 1J7, 905-822-3338, Mississauga Podiatrist
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What causes Corns & Calluses?

Corns and Calluses are caused by friction or increased pressure while walking. Not wearing well-fitted shoes can add to the problem, making it worse. Some people are more likely to naturally develop corns and calluses. This could be because of loss of fatty tissue under the bones and/or high arch foot type. As the pressure builds up, skin starts to thicken as a means of protective reaction. 


If the thickened skin (callus) is left untreated, it can become inflamed and painful. Therefore, it is very important to see a Foot Specialist (Chiropodist or Podiatrist) for an assessment early on.


What is the difference between a Corn and Callus?

A widespread layer of thick skin is called Callus. When the pressure constantly builds up in concentrated part of the affected area, that could lead to the development of a hard corn. Generally, calluses are found on the balls of the foot and corns on the toes or in-between the toes. A soft corn usually develops in-between the toes because of increased moisture retention and/or inadequate drying.


How to treat corn and calluses?

Please do not cut corns and calluses yourself as you can do more damage than good. Over the counter corn pads and acid treatments are not recommended either as it can damage the surround healthy skin. For treatment, it is important that you see a Chiropodist - Foot Specialist who will carefully shave down thick skin and dig out the corn to relieve pain.

For home treatment, a moleskin or a bandage can be used to protect the area until you see your Chiropodist. To prevent corns and calluses, talk to your Chiropodist about proper footwear and toe props. Custom-made orthotics might be necessary to correct any gait abnormalities and prevent the formation of corns and calluses.